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Archive for 15 septiembre 2012

Colombia es un país profundamente contradictorio donde coexisten lo peor y lo mejor para utilizar la célebre frase del Charles Dickens. Lo peor por la violencia desenfrenada que hemos mencionado, por la represión sádica de las clases dominantes, pero también lo mejor por las formas impresionantes de resistencia de los pobres. La violencia en los últimos 30 años está relacionada con eso, con la importante movilización que ha habido en el campo, en las ciudades, en las universidades

Renán Vega Cantor*

 

Los integrantes del Grupo de Estudios sobre Colombia y América Latina (GESCAL) manifestamos nuestro sentimiento de solidaridad y apoyo ante la lamentable situación por la que atraviesa el maestro Renán Vega Cantor, intelectual, investigador, docente universitario colombiano, quien desde hace varios meses ha venido siendo objeto de una persecución sistemática en la ciudad de Bogotá que lo ha obligado a decidir abandonar el país forzadamente y exiliarse temporalmente en el exterior. (más…)

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Version NuestrAmericana

 

Since 1988, the Philippines has had one of the world’s longest state-led land reform programs: the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). It was instituted with a 20 year mandate to redistribute private and public lands to peasant beneficiaries.

The program ended in 2008 with mixed results. Because well over 1 million hectares of private lands had escaped redistribution and private deals were deliberately set up to immediately take advantage of the reform program’s expiry, a new initiative was forced into law in 2009. Known as CARPER (CARP with Extensions and Reforms) it is due to expire in 2014. Despite a massive budget, it has thus far succeeded in redistributing about 20 percent of its mandated domains. Philippine land reform conditions differ markedly from those undertaken in Brazil by the MST over the past 25 years (MST, 2009a). The following is a synopsis of how the sclerotic land reform conditions in the Philippines evolved.

Land Reform in the Philippines

The context for agrarian reform in the Philippines begins decisively with U.S. colonial control from the end of the 19th Century. The U.S., as immediate successor to Spanish domination, exacerbated extractive and exploitative conditions rather than alleviated them as was originally posited (Franco, 2000, pp. 37-38, 72; Borras, 2008, pp. 3-6). Furthermore, U.S. control instituted a landed oligopoly as the legislative controllers of the archipelago; and, in the promotion of a cash crop export economy, drew large numbers of the rural population into entrenched conditions of economic and social servitude. The resistance that this fomented has contributed to contemporary configurations in the Philippine political economy. (más…)

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